Pūkana, te ihi te wehi te wana, moments in Māori performance

Pūkana: moments in Māori performance

14 Sept 2019 — 23 May 2020 | 9am to 5pm, Mon to Fri | 9am to 1pm, Sat

Celebrate Māori performance and performers across time and genres.

Pūkana — what the dictionaries say

He Pātaka Kupu

Ka whakarahi i ngā karu, ka whātero te arero, ka whakakotikoti i te kanohi i runga i te ihi, te wana, te riri, te whakatoi, te ngahau, te aha atu. He Pātaka Kupu

 

Te Aka

(verb) to stare wildly, dilate the eyes — done by both genders when performing haka and waiata to emphasise particular words and to add excitement to the performance. Te Aka

 

Ngati Kahungunu perform haka powhiri. Woman doing a pūkana.
Group at the Land War Petition. Woman doing a pūkana.

Awe-inspiring Māori performances across time

He mōhio a ngāi Māori katoa ki te waiata, ki te whakatangi i te rakuraku?

Kei tēnei whakakitenga ētahi tāngata Māori kaha ki aua mahi, engari tērā noa ake te hōhonu, te whānui o te ao waiata, haka a te iwi Māori.

Tomo mai, titiro ki ētahi o ngā tino mahi whakangahau a te iwi Māori mai o mua ki nāianei – mai i ngā pūrākau mō te pūtake o te ao, o te tangata, tae noa mai ki ngā kaiwaiata taiohi o ēnei rā e tipiwhenua nei hei mīharotanga mā ngā iwi o te ao.

 

Can all Māori sing and play the guitar?

This exhibition shows Māori who do just that — but the world of Māori performance is so much more.

Come and experience the many awe-inspiring Māori performances across time – from origin stories, right up to today’s young performers taking the world by storm.

 

Alien Weaponry performing.

Performance at the heart of Māori culture

Me korero ra tatou mo Tina Cross me tana waiata i ‘Nothing but Dreams’ i te tau 1979; me whakaaro ake ki nga hoia e haka ana i te kokiri i nga maioro o nga hoia o Takei i te Pakanga Tuatahi o Te Ao; me mahara ake ki te arataki a Inia Te Wiata i te puoro whakaari rongonui o Porgy and Bess i te tau 1965; nga kuia e kopikopi ana ki te hamonika i Turangawaewae marae; waihoki a Alien Weaponry, me ta ratou whakaputa waiata whakarara tohetohe…

Ko tenei mea te tu ki te haka ki te waiata kei te putahi tonu o te ao Maori me nga ahuatanga Maori, o te ahua o te tu tahi me te noho tahi a te Maori i tona ao, i te ao whanui hoki. Ahakoa waiata whakanui i tetahi kaupapa, whakamatoro i te ipo, whakangahau i te manuhiri, whakaputa i te ngakau kawa, ngakau riri, ahakoa whakaputa i te kurunga o te mamae i nga tangi apakura.
 

Tina Cross singing ‘Nothing but Dreams’ in 1979; soldiers performing haka while overtaking Turkish trenches during the Great War; Inia Te Wiata leading the acclaimed 1965 production of Porgy and Bess; kuia dancing kopikopi to the harmonica at Turangawaewae marae; Alien Weaponry performing te reo thrash metal.

Performance is at the heart of Maori culture and the way Maori engage with each other and the world, whether to celebrate, seduce, entertain, express dissent or anger, or grieve.
 

Tina Cross singing

Te ihi. Te wehi. Te wana

Ka tuhono nga momo whakakitenga taketake – te karanga, te wero, te haka, te whaikorero me te waiata – i te hunga ora ki te ao wairua, e puea ake ai te ‘te ihi’, ‘te wehi’ me ‘te wana’.

E ai ki a Wharehuia Milroy, ko tenei mea te ihi he momo whakahihi, he mea e toiriiri ai i roto i te tangata, e kumea ai koe kia mahi i tetahi mahi; ko te wehi ano tetahi mea, e ai ki a Wharehuia ka takea mai i te atuatanga, ka pa ki te tapu me te ao wairua. Ko te wana te hoa o te ihi me te wehi, ka ara ake taua wana i roto i a koe ina kitea e koe nga mahi ka mahia e te tangata ke. E pa ana enei ahuatanga ki nga mahi whakaputa korero o enei ra.
 

Traditional forms of performance — karanga, wero, haka, whaikorero and waiata — connect the living to the spirit realm and invoke emotions, known as ‘te ihi’, ‘te wehi’ and ‘te wana’.

The late Wharehuia Milroy explained ihi as a kind of vibration that swells up from your core, compelling you to act; wehi as a connection with atuatanga, a spiritual or god-like state; and wana as a feeling that rises up within you as a result of an action performed by someone else. These qualities also apply to contemporary Maori performance.
 

 

Alexander Turnbull Library Endowment Trust, Te Puna Foundation, ATL100