Nga manene o Te Moana-nui-ā-Kiwa | Pacific voyagers

Ko Māui

E ai ki ngā kōrero tuku iho, nō te haerenga a Māui ki te rapu i te kauae raro o tana tupuna ka whāngaihia ia ki ngā mātauranga whakatere waka me ngā tikanga e kaha ai ia ki te rapu moutere i te moana.

Ka tere mai a Māui mā runga i te moana nui, e kīa nei ko Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa. Ka whāia e ia ngā whetū pēnei i Te Matau a Māui (the Fishhook of Māui) me te mātai atu mō ngā tīwhiri i roto i te taiao.

Nā tana whiu atu i tēnei mātauranga ki te tahatū o te rangi, nā ngā tīwhiri whakatere nei rātou i ārahi ki Te Ika a Māui, i ara ake i te moana i mua i a rātou.

Māui

It's said that when Māui sought his grandparent's kauae raro (lower jawbone), he was given navigation knowledge about how to find islands.

Māui set sail across the vast ocean, Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa, following stars like Te Matau a Māui — the Fishhook of Māui — while watching for clues in the world around him.

Casting this knowledge out over the horizon, the navigational clues guided them towards Te Ika a Māui (the North Island) which seemed to rise up out of the ocean before them.

A wharepuni (sleeping house) at Mangaakuta, near Masterton, about 1870. The maihi (barge board) on the right shows two men in a waka, one of which has caught a large fish. 'Maui' is written below the depiction. On the left is a fish below which are the words 'Maui Mua Maui Roto'.

Image credit: Unidentified group of people in front of a meeting house in Masterton, ca 1865 by James Bragge. Ref: PA7-30-16-2 Alexander Turnbull Library. Some rights reserved.

Black and white photograph of a Māori group in front of a wharepuni. 'Maui Mua Maui Roto' is written on the maihi.

Ngā wahi whai pānga ki a Māui

Kei tēnei whakaahua o Maitahi ngā puke-māeroero kapi tonu i te hukarere, ngā ngahere o ngā hiwi o raro, me te awa o Mahitahi. E kīia ana ko Maitahi te wāhi i tau mai ai te tupuna nei a Māui, ki Aotearoa.

Places associated with Māui

This photograph of Bruce Bay shows the snow-covered southern alps, subalpine forest, and the Mahitahi River. Maitahi (Bruce Bay) is where Māui is said to have landed in Aotearoa New Zealand.

Maitahi (Bruce Bay).
Image credit: Mahitahi, Bruce Bay, Westland, West Coast, 1958 by Whites Aviation. Ref: WA-47974 Alexander Turnbull Library. Some rights reserved: CC BY 4.0. Image cropped.

Black and white aerial photograph showing mountains in the background and plains with a river in foreground.

Ko Kupe rāua ko Kuramārōtini

He ao, he ao, he aotea!

E ai ki ngā kōrero nā Kuramārōtini te taonga nei i kite tuatahi atu — tētahi kapua roa, kapua mā i te tahatū o te rangi. Ka karanga atu ia ki tana tāne, ki a Kupe, te kaihōpara whenua rongonui, ā, ka huri te ihu o tō rātou waka ki te whenua.

E ai ki ngā kōrero a ētahi, nō reira mai te ingoa o Aotea. Kāore i tino roa i muri mai, ka kitea te tuawhenua kei muri i te kapua, ā, ka tapā ki te ingoa Aotearoa — he whenua, he kapua roa, he kapua mā tōna tohu.

Kupe and Kuramārōtini

A cloud, a cloud, a white cloud!

It's said by some that Kuramārōtini sighted it first — a strip of white cloud on the horizon. She called out to her husband, the great explorer Kupe, and their waka made straight for land.

Some say this is how Aotea (Great Barrier Island) got its name. Not long afterwards, the mainland behind it was seen and named Aotearoa — the land of the long, white cloud.

Colour illustration of Kupe and Kuramārōtini on a waka pointing towards the coast.

Ngā ingoa kāinga e pā ana ki a Kupe

Place name Location
Aotearoa
Te Ope a Kupe He whanga i te raki o te Tauihu o te Waka o Māui (arā ko Port Gore)
Te Taonui a Kupe He raenga kūiti i te Tauihu o te Waka o Māui (arā ko Cape Jackson)
Te Tūranganui o Kupe He koko tata ki te pūahatanga o Te Whanganui a Tara (arā ko Worser Bay)
Te Koko a Kupe He koko ki te tonga o Te Tauihu o te Waka o Māui (arā ko Cloudy Bay)
Pari Whero Te Kopahau, he wāhi ki te ākau tonga o Te Whanganui a Tara (arā ko Red Rocks)
Ngā Kurī a Kupe He Toka i te Ngutuawa o Whirinaki
Toka Haere He toka i te ākau tonga o te Whanganui a Tara (arā ko Thoms Rock)
Kura Te Au Tētahi hongere i Te Tauihu o te Waka o Māui (arā ko Tory Channel)
Pori Here Te taha whakateraki o te whanga o Hokianga
Te Hokianga a Kupe Te whanga o Hokianga
Arapaoa He motu kei te Tauihu o te Waka o Māui (arā ko Arapaoa Island)

Map showing places in the Hokianga associated with Kupe.
Image credit: Places associated with Kupe. Te Ara — The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. All rights reserved. Used with permission.

Colour map of Hokianga showing the places named after Kupe like Te Hokianga-a-Kupe. Described in image credit link: 'Places associated with Kupe'.

Map showing places in the Malborough Sounds asssociated with Kupe.
Image credit: Kupe place names. Te Ara — The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. All rights reserved. Used with permission.

Colour map of the Marlborough Sounds showing places named after Kupe like Te Taonui-a-Kupe (Cape Jackson). Described in image credit link: 'Kupe place names'.

Place names associated with Kupe

Place name Translation Location
Aotearoa Long white cloud New Zealand
Te Ope a Kupe Kupe's party Port Gore
Te Taonui a Kupe Kupe's great spear Cape Jackson
Te Tūranganui o Kupe Kupe's standing place Worser Bay (Wellington)
Te Koko a Kupe The bay of Kupe Cloudy Bay
Pari Whero Red cliffs Red Rocks (Wellington)
Ngā Kurī a Kupe Kupe's dogs Rocks at Whirinaki River mouth
Toka Haere Rock of coming and going Thoms Rock (Wellington coast)
Kura Te Au The red current Tory Channel
Pori Here Genealogical ties Northern side of Hokianga Harbour
Te Hokianga a Kupe Kupe's return Hokianga Harbour
Arapaoa The blow which killed Te Wheke a Muturangi Arapaoa Island (Marlborough Sounds)