When using the ideas, images or words of others, it's helpful to readers and respectful to the copyright owner to acknowledge their work. How you acknowledge the source can vary depending on whether it's a magazine article, website, book, poem, movie, interview, email or photograph.
Citing your sources makes it clear where your information came from, and whose opinions or arguments you have used. It helps distinguish your ideas from other peoples and can show the breadth of the research you have undertaken.
There are many systems used for writing citations and each follows a specific format. The main ones used in New Zealand are:
- American Psychological Association (APA)
- Modern Language Association of America (MLA)
- Chicago/Turabian, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style.
Some useful referencing tools include the following:
Plagiarism is stealing or using or passing off someone else’s work, words or ideas as your own — even if it's accidental. Plagiarism also includes:
- paraphrasing or rewording another person's work, without acknowledging the source.
- the unwarranted use of literary works, music, speeches, images and visual art and computer programmes, including code.
Plagiarising other people’s intellectual property is regarded as totally unacceptable in all school and tertiary educational institutions — assignments from students who plagiarise are often failed. You can avoid plagiarism by acknowledging all your sources.
Plagiarism can take the form of:
- wholesale copying
- stealing phrases and ideas
- paraphrasing language, ideas and structure
- mixing and matching
- lazy citation
- fake or dead source list.
This list was taken from Andrianes Pinantoan's plagiarism post on InformED. It's a great resource which covers many aspects of plagiarism, including types, how to recognise it, how to avoid it and plagiarism checkers and resources.
Plagiarism by Andrianes Pinantoan