Ōhaeawai Pā

Pā in Northland, site of a battle in July 1845 during the 'Flagstaff War'. The pā had been fortified by Kawiti and was a major advance in the Māori response to new weaponry, the prototype of 'the modern pā'. Firing and communication trenches gave the occupants maximum protection while allowing rapid movement within the pā. The design of the Ōhaeawai Pā, and the pā subsequently built by Kawiti at Ruapekapeka, became the basis of what is now called the 'gunfighter pā'.

An Anglican church (St Michael) was built on the site of the pā in 1870. Cowan notes that the locality of the pā became known as Ngawha later.

There are 13 related items to this topic
Date: 1840 - 1865 - 1908 - 1850 By: McCormick, Arthur David, 1860-1943; Fry, Patricia Susan, 1924-2019 Ref: A-004-037/047 Description: Titles: Heke fells the flagstaff at Kororareka; Farewell to Hawaiki; Victors in the fight; The fight in Massacre Bay; A dreadful recognition; Signing the Tre...
Date: 8 Jun-5 Oct 1845 By: Blackburn, Henry Middleton, 1823-1846 Ref: MS-0218 Description: Describes Blackburn's journey by sea from Auckland to the Bay of Islands, the engagement at Ohaeawai Pa and his return to Auckland Accompanying material - W...
Date: [Between 1903 and 1915] From: Duncan, Russell James, 1855-1946 :Photograph albums Ref: PA1-o-140 Description: Photographs taken by Russell Duncan, dated 1903, 1914 and 1915, of places of historical interest. Views include a number relating to Marion du Fresne's voyag...
Maori notebook Vol 2
Date: [ca 1914] From: Best, Elsdon, 1856-1931 : Papers Ref: MS-0189 Description: Rough notes on various topics (some in shorthand). Includes Pa sites - Urenui Pa; Kaiamu Pa etc, and a list of artefacts held in the Auckland Museum Source ...
Date: 1845 - 1931 By: Messenger, Arthur Herbert, 1877-1962; Cowan, James, 1870-1943 Ref: A-173-008 Description: A view of Ngawha Church, Northland Inscriptions: Signed: A H M Quantity: 1 drawing(s). Physical Description: Ink drawing, 108 x 189 mm on sheet 215 x 223 ...
Date: 1845 By: Warrington, H W V, active 1845; Great Britain. Public Record Office Ref: MapColl-832.11hkcmf/1845/Acc.39284 Description: Plan of Hone Heke's pa at Ohaeawai in the Far North District, Northland shows sites of the flagstaff, Kawiti's house, houses underground, heaps of potatoes a...
Date: 1922 - 1845 By: Symonds, John Jermyn, 1816-1883; Cowan, James, 1870-1943 Ref: A-138-049 Description: Three views on one page. Top left, a cross-section of stockade and trenches; top right, flax-masked palisades; bottom, a plan view of the pa, its trenches, ...
Creator unknown : Photograph of an Anglican Church at Ohaeawai
Date: 1922 Ref: PAColl-8864 Description: Photograph of Ohaeawai [Ngawha] Anglican Church taken in 1922 by an unidentified photographer. This was the site of a battle between Maori and British force...
[Williams, John] d 1905 :Ohaiawai 1st July 1845, 3 pm, N.Z. [1845]
Date: 1845 By: Williams, John, -1905? Ref: A-079-028 Description: Shows view from British camp of assault on Heke's pa. A collection of circular tents (and one rectangular tent at right), stands around a campfire in the for...
Williams, John d.1905 :Ohaiawai, N.Z. 1 July 1845.
Date: 1845 From: Williams, John, d 1905 :Maori war sketches [by John Williams, Cyprian Bridge and other artists] 1845-1850 By: Williams, John, -1905? Ref: E-320-f-002 Description: Shows the attack on Heke's pa at Ohaeawai, 1 July 1845. In foreground is a line of British soldiers seen from the back, standing in a trench behind a barrica...
[Williams, John] d 1905 :Ohaiawai, N Zealand. July (Winter). [1845]
Date: 1845 By: Williams, John, -1905? Ref: A-079-016 Description: A Maori man in a blanket keeping watch over Ohaeawai Pa from behind a dead tree on a hill, with three other Maori seated beside him. The pa is in the middle ...
Bridge, Cyprian, 1807-1885 :View of the left angle of Heke's pah at Ohaiawai that was stormed on the 1st July, 1845, from a breastwork adjoining our right battery. [1845].
Date: 1845 By: Bridge, Cyprian, 1807-1885 Ref: A-079-005 Description: A group of six red-coated soldiers (with part of a seventh on the far right) and one "friendly" Maori in the foreground, behind a low shelter, loading and sh...
Hutton, Thomas Biddulph 1824-1886 :Owharawai. Pa of Hone Heke, copied from a drawing taken by Mr Symonds of the 99th Regt [1845]
Date: 1843 - 1844 From: Hutton, Thomas Biddulph 1824-1886 :Book of New Zealand sketches. Purewa, 1845, 1860. By: Hutton, Thomas Biddulph, 1824-1886; Symonds, John Jermyn, 1816-1883 Ref: E-137-q-006 Description: Section, elevation and ground plan of Heke's pa at Ohaeawai, Northland. The section shows a Maori man kneeling in a trench with a rifle aimed through gun-ho...