New Zealand Company

New Zealand Colonization Association

Played a major part in early European settlement of New Zealand. It grew out of the New Zealand Association, formed in 1837 to give expression to the colonising ideas of Edward Gibbon Wakefield. In 1838 the Association was reformed as a joint stock company, the New Zealand Colonization Association and under its eventual name of the New Zealand Company acquired funds to equip an expedition and acquire land. In 1839 a settlement was founded at Wellington, followed by Nelson and (through a subsidiary company) New Plymouth. In 1841 it was granted a charter, giving it official recognition and support. But the new British administration did not support several of its key policies. In 1843 an armed party of Nelson settlers, attempting to establish the Company's claim to land in the Wairau Valley, were killed by their Ngati Toa opponents. The British administration blamed the settlers for the affray. By 1845 the Company was in financial difficulties and its land holdings were taken over by the Crown. The Company was dissolved in 1858. See Patricia Burns `Fatal success. A History of the New Zealand Company' (Auckland, 1989).

There are 439 related items to this topic
Date: 1835-1886 From: Australian Joint Copying Project : Miscellaneous Series microfilm Ref: Micro-MS-Coll-20-2234 Description: Quantity: 1 microfilm reel(s).
Date: 1820-1840 By: Dillon, Peter, 1788-1847 Ref: MS-Papers-0651 Description: Assistance of Lord Stuart de Rothesay, British Ambassador in Paris, sought in negotiations with Prince de Polignac over compensation for expenses incurred in...
Date: 1841 - 1890 - 1900 By: Nattrass, Luke, 1804-1875; Richardson, William, active 1842-1877; McKee & Gamble (Firm); New Zealand Press Agency; Squires, Francis Westbrooke, 1908-2002 Ref: G-822-2 Description: A panoramic view from the sea of Wellington a year after settlement by Pakeha, showing named houses, businesses, pa and ships, drawn from on board the ship L...
Date: 1851 By: New Zealand Company Ref: Micro-MS-0770 Description: Quantity: 1 microfilm reel(s) (ca 18 pages). Physical Description: Positive microfilm
Date: 1842-1846 By: Young, George Frederick, 1791-1870 Ref: MS-Papers-1521 Description: Letters to James Kelham, Capt Arthur Wakefield and Henry St Hill from Chairman of Shipping Committee of the New Zealand Company. Comment on the Company's aff...
Date: 1788-1852 By: Hursthouse family Ref: Micro-MS-0449 Description: Correspondence of three generations, with comment on political and social life in England and conditions in Natal. John and Charles Flinders Hursthouse write...
Date: 26 Jan 1850 By: New Zealand Company Ref: MSI-Papers-3754 Description: Quantity: 1 folder(s) (4 leaves). Physical Description: Mss (negative photocopy) Processing information: Note that this document was originally catalogued,...
Clayton, Matthew Thomas, 1831-1922 :Settlement of Wellington by the New Zealand Company. Historical gathering of pioneer ships in Port Nicholson, March 8, 1840, as described by E J Wakefield. Wilson & Horton chromolith. Mt Clayton [delt.] ; Auckland, Wilson & Horton, 1899
Date: 1840 By: Clayton, Matthew Thomas, 1831-1922; Auckland weekly news (Newspaper) Ref: C-033-005 Description: Among the ships shown are the Glenbervie, Adelaide and Tory, with Maori paddling a canoe with Colonel William Wakefield as passenger. Supplement to: Aucklan...
Date: 1825 - 1835 By: Reynolds, Samuel William, 1773-1835; Phillips, Thomas, 1770-1845 Ref: C-021-012 Description: J.G.Lambton, Earl of Durham was involved with the New Zealand Company. Lambton Quay in Wellington was named after him. Quantity: 1 b&w art print(s). Physi...
Date: 1842 By: Lander, David O (Mrs), active 1842 Ref: MS-Papers-3935 Description: Letter, 24 Mar- 9 Jun, from D O Lander to his wife in London giving his impressions of Wellington and the surrounding district. He comments on the climate, l...