New Zealand Company

New Zealand Colonization Association

Played a major part in early European settlement of New Zealand. It grew out of the New Zealand Association, formed in 1837 to give expression to the colonising ideas of Edward Gibbon Wakefield. In 1838 the Association was reformed as a joint stock company, the New Zealand Colonization Association and under its eventual name of the New Zealand Company acquired funds to equip an expedition and acquire land. In 1839 a settlement was founded at Wellington, followed by Nelson and (through a subsidiary company) New Plymouth. In 1841 it was granted a charter, giving it official recognition and support. But the new British administration did not support several of its key policies. In 1843 an armed party of Nelson settlers, attempting to establish the Company's claim to land in the Wairau Valley, were killed by their Ngati Toa opponents. The British administration blamed the settlers for the affray. By 1845 the Company was in financial difficulties and its land holdings were taken over by the Crown. The Company was dissolved in 1858. See Patricia Burns `Fatal success. A History of the New Zealand Company' (Auckland, 1989).

There are 441 related items to this topic
Date: 1 May 1845-4 Sep 1846 (1953) By: Wakefield, Edward Jerningham, 1820-1879 Ref: MS-2209 Description: Diary kept by E J Wakefield in London after his return from New Zealand Mentions hearing address by Barnet Burns, an English sailor who lived among East Coas...
Date: 1848 - 1976 By: New Zealand. Department of Lands and Survey Ref: Eph-C-LAND-1848-01 Description: Facsimile, published for their centennial by the Department of Lands and Survey, of a document drawn up by the New Zealand Company, claiming land bounded on ...
Date: 1846-1850 From: Collinson, Thomas Bernard, 1822-1902 : Letters Ref: MS-Papers-1038-1 Description: 31 letters from Collinson, 1846-50, to members of his family, from Wellington, Wanganui, and Auckland with impressions of the Maori, particularly Te Rauparah...
Date: 6 Apr 1890 By: Parnell, Samuel Duncan, 1810-1890 Ref: MS-Papers-0464 Description: Document written by Parnell describing his arrival with the New Zealand Company on the vessel Duke of Roxburgh and his effort to gain acceptance of eight hou...
Date: 1843 From: Illustrated London news :Clippings related to New Zealand [ca 1842-1890] By: Heaphy, Charles, 1820-1881 Ref: E-106-f-047-1 Description: Shows ornately carved frontage of storehouse on two poles, with notched climbing pole for access. In left background sit a Maori man and women with cooking p...
Date: 1841 - 1843 From: Illustrated London news :Clippings related to New Zealand [ca 1842-1890] By: Heaphy, Charles, 1820-1881 Ref: E-106-f-047-3 Description: View from Clay Point hill above the junction of modern Willis St and Lambton Quay. The beach in the foreground is lower Willis Street, while upper Willis Str...
Date: 1843 From: Illustrated London news :Clippings related to New Zealand [ca 1842-1890] Ref: E-106-f-047-2 Description: Te Puni standing, with full facial moko, clad in a dogskin cloak and holding a taiaha in his right hand. Behind him is Petone Pa, and a flagpole with the N...
Date: 1842 Ref: Eph-D-IMMIGRATION-1842-01 Description: Arrangement of text, on front, with blank entry form on following page. Quantity: 1 b&w photo-mechanical print(s). Physical Description: Letterpress on fol...
Date: 1839 From: [Ephemera of around A3 size, relating to immigration to New Zealand, problems and issues of new immigrants and refugees] By: Parker, John W, active 1839 Ref: Eph-C-IMMIGRATION-1839-02 Description: Text states that a up to 75% of purchase monies may be claimed by application in writing, from the Emigration Fund. The applicants must prove that they inten...
Date: 1838 From: [Ephemera of around A3 size, relating to immigration to New Zealand, problems and issues of new immigrants and refugees] Ref: Eph-C-IMMIGRATION-1838-01 Description: Text lists subscribers, trustees (Lord Petre, John Wright esq, Joseph Somes esq) and treasurer, bankers, solicitors, secretary and counsel. It lists New Zea...
Date: 1842 From: [Ephemera of around A3 size, relating to immigration to New Zealand, problems and issues of new immigrants and refugees] Ref: Eph-C-IMMIGRATION-1842-01 Description: Arrangement of text lists the West of England Board, the three classes of land in New Plymouth, terms of purchase, and application form. Quantity: 1 b&w pho...
Date: 1838-1872 By: Treadwells (Firm) Ref: MS-Papers-2634 Description: The documents mostly relate to land purchased in the NZ Company settlement of Port Nicholson. Series one consists of conveyances and enfeoffments, series two...
Clayton, Matthew Thomas, 1831-1922 :Settlement of Wellington by the New Zealand Company. Historical gathering of pioneer ships in Port Nicholson, March 8, 1840, as described by E J Wakefield. Wilson & Horton chromolith. Mt Clayton [delt.] ; Auckland, Wilson & Horton, 1899
Date: 1840 By: Clayton, Matthew Thomas, 1831-1922; Auckland weekly news (Newspaper) Ref: C-033-005 Description: Among the ships shown are the Glenbervie, Adelaide and Tory, with Maori paddling a canoe with Colonel William Wakefield as passenger. Supplement to: Aucklan...
[Brees, Samuel Charles] 1810-1865 :Panorama of Wellington, Port Nicholson, taken upon Thorndon Flat. Te Aro Flat, Wellington, from near Captain Sharpe's residence; Panorama taken from the top of Mount Victoria, Port Nicholson. Pictorial illustrations of New Zealand. [1847]. Drawn by S. C. Brees ... engraved by Henry Melville. Plate 22.
Date: 1842 - 1847 From: Brees, Samuel Charles, 1810-1865 :Pictorial Illustrations of New Zealand. London, John Williams and Co., Library of Arts, 141, Strand, 1847. By: Brees, Samuel Charles, 1810?-1865; Melville, Henry, 1792-1870 Ref: PUBL-0020-22 Description: Three panoramic views of Wellington, between 1842 and 1845. The top view stretches across Thorndon Flat with Dr Evans' house on the left, a range of early ho...
Date: 1827-1863 By: Wilson family Ref: MS-Papers-1404 Description: Letters from Joseph Foord Wilson to members of his family before and after emigration to Nelson, where he became Acting Colonial Surgeon: family, financial a...
[Smith, William Mein] 1799-1869 :[The harbour of Port Nicholson and the town of Wellington. 1842]
Date: 1842 By: Smith, William Mein, 1799-1869; Turnbull, Alexander Horsburgh, 1868-1918 Ref: G-653 Description: Shows Thorndon and Te Aro, stores, houses, hotels, wharves, flagstaff, the Exchange, customhouse office, post office, man on horseback, settlers, Maoris, and...
[Heaphy, Charles] 1820-1881 :View of the rocks laying off Point Jackson - North entrance of Queen Charlotte's Sound [Between 1839 and 1844?]
Date: 1839 - 1844 By: Heaphy, Charles, 1820-1881; Turnbull, Alexander Horsburgh, 1868-1918; New Zealand Company Ref: C-025-021 Description: Seven strips of coastal profile forming a more or less continous record of the appearance of the west coast of New Zealand from Taranaki south to Queen Charl...
Date: 15 Sep 1839-Jan 1840 From: Donaldson, Marsha Penelope, 1945- : Research papers and transcripts By: Wallace, John Howard, 1816-1891 Ref: MS-Papers-5393 Description: The journal describes the voyage of the `Aurora' which arrived in Wellington, New Zealand on 22 Jan 1840. Wallace did not keep a daily record but noted speci...
Date: 1839-1863 By: Dieffenbach, Johann Karl Ernst, 1811-1855 Ref: MS-Papers-1109 Description: Letters to and from Dieffenbach, including three to his family describing his journey to New Zealand on board the `Tory' and his time at Queen Charlotte Soun...
Date: 1839 By: Bradey, Francis, 1793-1864; New Zealand Company Ref: MapColl-832.47961gbbd/[1839?]/Acc.37915 Description: Survey and cadastral map showing original numbered sections with measurements and acreages of land subdivisions along the north-east part of Porirua Harbour ...