Ko te tohu tuatahi tēnei o te waihangatanga i huri ai ki te hāhi Karaitiana Māori motuhake kua whakatūria e te poropiti rongonui e Te Ua Haumēne nō Taranaki iwi, i ngā rautau o te 1860s. Kua ākina e ētahi o ngā pononga, i kīia ai ko te Hauhau, kia whakawhawhai i te Kāwanatanga, tae atu ki ngā mihingare puta noa i Aotearoa, nā runga i te muru raupatu o te Pākehā i te whenua Māori. Tautoko ai ētahi o rātou i ngā pakanga a ngā ope taua o te hāhi Ringatū, ā, i whawhai hoki ai te ope Hauhau i raro i te maru o te poropiti ko Te Kooti.
The first organised expression of an independent Māori Christian church established by Pai Mārire prophet and founder Te Ua Haumēne, of Taranaki, in the 1860s. Factions of followers referred to as Hauhau were known to have incited militant action across Aotearoa against the government and, in particular, the missionaries in response to Pākehā confiscation of Māori land. Some of these followers fought alongside Ringatū fighters under the prophet Te Kooti Arikirangi Te Tūruki.