Ngā Upoko Tukutuku: Feature image

Ngā Upoko Tukutuku

Ngā kaupapa hou | New terms – Hōngongoi | Hūrae | July 2021

More information about new and changed terms

Te Whakakaokao has created several new terms allowing family relationships to be described more precisely. These include Tēina, younger siblings of the person described, Tuākana, elder siblings of the same gender, and Tuāhine, referring to sisters of a male. It was important to create specific terms to reflect that there is no acceptable generic translation of the English concepts of brother and sister. A term for friends, Hoa, has also been added.

Some new terms may be relevant in the context of schools, libraries and museums. The term Moko tuauri may now be used for dinosaurs, while Tarakihana is a term for tractors and Rererangi applies to aircraft of all kinds. The scope of Iwi taketake has been extended to include ancient indigenous civilizations and Pukapuka kāhui korero (Bibliography) now also encompasses book history and the book trade.

As technology evolves, new usages emerge. A term has been created for augmented reality, Ao whakarahi. Also in the field of artistic creation, Te Whakakaokao has developed a term for digital art, Toi matihiko.

Te Whakaokao carefully considered a request for terms for Western medicine in the context of the changing usage of the term rongoā. We finally decided to create a new term Rongoā Pākehā for Western medicine and pharmaceuticals. This sits alongside the existing term Rongoā, Māori medicine, reflecting the centrality of mātauranga Māori to Ngā Upoko Tukutuku.

The scope of the existing term Kararehe (Animals) has been refined to confirm that this term may be used for all kinds of animals, including birds, fish and insects. This adjustment has led to some changes to the scope notes for other terms, such as Mātauranga kararehe (Zoology), Kararehe kaikino (Animal pests) and Koiora orotā (Pest control). These terms may be used in the appropriate contexts for all kinds of animals. We also now have a term for squid, Ngū.

Other new terms may be applied to resources about conservation and the environment. These include Para kore, waste minimisation and Wāhi haumaru kararehe, which may be used for wildlife sanctuaries and refuges. New terms for plant species have been created, such as Ongaonga. (Nettles), and Tātarāmoa (Bush lawyer).

English | Māori

Using Ngā Upoko Tukutuku

Search to find standardised terms for subjects in te reo Māori. Use them when cataloguing and describing relevant material.

How Ngā Upoko Tukutuku works

Conceptual framework

In the Māori worldview, aspects of taha tinana/the people, taha wairua/the spiritual and taha hinengaro/the mind are intrinsically connected and related to each other. This model recognises both the traditional and contemporary perspectives.

A diagram showing the primary elements of the Māori worldview and their relationships.

Building a thesaurus requires adherence to standard conventions in the use of terms and how they are applied. Ngā Upoko Tukutuku uses a framework that retains the integrity of both worlds.

About the project

Ngā Upoku Tukutuku was developed by the Māori Subject Headings Project, jointly sponsored by LIANZA, Te Rōpū Whakahau, and the National Library.

The tool provides a structured path to a Māori world view within library and archival cataloguing and description. It supports cataloguers and descriptive archivists to assign appropriate terms for the material, and helps users find those items within a framework they relate to.

The terms listed are not a dictionary, and shouldn’t be seen as authoritative beyond their use in libraries and archives.

New terms are developed by Te Whakakaokao, the Ngā Upoko Tukutuku Reo Māori Working Group.

Logos for Te Rōpū Whakahau, LIANZA and National Library

Ngā kaupapa hou

Ngā kaupapa hou / New terms – Hōngongoi/Hūrae/July 2021


Te Whakamahi i Ngā Upoko Tukutuku

Rapu hei kimi i ngā kupu arowhānui mō ngā kaupapa i roto i te reo Māori. Whakamahia ēnei ina whakarārangi ana me te whakamārama rauemi hāngai.

Pēhea te mahi a Ngā Upoko Tukutuku

Poutarāwaho Ariā

I te ao Māori, nā Io te orokohanga me te whakaotinga. Kei te tūhonohono me te hāngai ngā āhuatanga o te taha tinana, taha wairua me te taha hinengaro. E whakamana ana tēnei Tauira i I ngā tirohanga tūturu, hou hoki.

A diagram showing the primary elements of the Māori worldview and their relationships.

E hiahiatia ana e te hanganga punakupu kia mau ki ngā tikanga arowhānui mō te whakamahi i ngā kupu, ā, me pēhea te whakamahi. Ka whakamahia e Ngā Upoko Tukutuku tētahi poutarāwaho e mau ana i te mana o ngā ao e rua.

Mō te kaupapa

He mea waihanga te Rārangi Ingoa Iwi Hapū e te Kaupapa Upoko Tukutuku Māori, he mea tautoko e LIANZA, Te Rōpū Whakahau me Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa.

Ka tukuna e te utauta he ara hanganga ki tētahi tirohanga ao Māori i roto i ngā whakarārangitanga me ngā whakamāramatanga whare pukapuka me te pūranga. He tautoko i ngā kaiwhakarārangi me ngā kaitiaki pūranga ki te whakarite i ngā kupu tika mō ngā rauemi, me te āwhina i ngā kaiwhakamahi ki te kimi i aua tuemi i roto i tētahi poutarāwaho e hāngai ana.

Ehara ngā ingoa e rārangi ana i te papakupu, ka mutu e whakamahia noatia ana mō roto i ngā whare pukapuka me ngā pūranga.

Ka waihangatia ngā kupu hou e Te Whakakaokao, Te Ropū Mahi Reo Māori Ngā Upoko Tukutuku Reo Māori.

Logos for Te Rōpū Whakahau, LIANZA and National Library