Kate Shepperd, on the NZ $10 note, reacting to Bill English's pay inequality efforts.

She’s got your number, Sharon Murdoch, 2014. Ref: DCDL-0030528.

Aotearoa was the first self-governing country in the world in which women achieved the right to vote. However, over 120 years on, gender equality is still an issue.

Key question: Why does gender inequality exist in Aotearoa, and how can we change this?

The social inquiry focus of this resource is exploring values, views, and perspectives.

Achievement objectives

Understand how formal and informal groups make decisions that impact on communities (social sciences level 4).

Understand how economic decisions impact on people, communities, and nations (social sciences level 5).

Key conceptual understandings

Gender biases influence economic decisions in ways that impact on people, communities, and our nation.

Decisions made by formal and informal groups reflect values and perspectives.

Key concepts: Impact, economic decisions.


This resource explores gender inequality in the workplace. It focuses on unconscious bias and the gender pay gap. Students explore how gender biases and economic decisions impact on pay and employment. They then consider the impact of these decisions on individuals and communities.


Two hands one holding NZ hundred dollar bills the other holding small change

Understanding the context — the gender pay gap In this social inquiry, students explore the gender pay gap, which is a key indicator of gender inequality. Read some background information to help you explore this indicator with your students.

Female teacher helping young male student with a laptop

Explore gender equality with your class Explore gender equality with suggested activities that take you through 5 phases of the social inquiry process.

Person cutting out a portrait of Kate Sheppard

Supporting activities and resources This section provides a suite of supporting activities and resources to enrich your students' exploration of gender equality. You'll also find extra support for the exploring perspectives component of the social inquiry.