The role of the Treaty of Waitangi
Aotearoa New Zealand is a multicultural society with bicultural foundations. People have different ideas about the role of the Treaty within New Zealand.
The Treaty of Waitangi was an agreement between Māori rangatira and British Crown representatives. It was intended to be the basis of a new relationship. The agreement outlined a sharing of power, with different roles and spheres of influence.
- Rangatira were to retain their authority over their hapū and territories.
- Hobson was given authority to govern Pākehā.
Māori tino rangatiratanga (absolute power and authority) was guaranteed. However, it didn’t take long for the British to impose a different balance of power. This shift promoted British ways of thinking and being that has shaped the way cultures interact in Aotearoa.
Key question: How does having a dominant culture in Aotearoa impact on the way different cultures interact?
The social inquiry focus of this resource is considering responses and decisions.