Students discover the difference and similarities between rules and laws, how they are implemented, and how they could be changed.
- Rules, laws, similarities, differences, enforcement, consequences, purpose, effectiveness.
- He Tohu theme: living together.
What to do
Compare and contrast rules and laws
Ask students to discuss and record the differences and similarities between rules and laws in terms of:
- the purposes they serve
- how they are made
- how they are implemented (e.g. how people are made aware of the rule and how the rule is enforced)
- how they can be changed.
Consider using a Venn diagram to organise responses.
Breaking a rule or a law?
Get students to identify when the following examples might be breaking a rule, a law, or neither:
- crossing the road against the lights
- copying someone else’s work
- sharing a secret
- saying something about a person that isn’t true.
- wearing incorrect school uniform
- riding your bike without a helmet
- being home alone if you are less than 14 years old
- smoking at 17 years old
- swimming outside the lifeguard flags
- skateboarding on the footpath
- not wearing a seat belt in a moving car
- a child who is less than 12 years old sitting in the front seat of a car.
Students then find out the possible consequences for breaking each of these rules or laws.
Reasons for rules and laws
Students then investigate the reason for rules and laws.
- Explore how a range of reasons contribute to the creation of rules and laws (e.g. moral, societal, economic, health/safety).
- Look at the consequences of breaking a rule or law above. Decide which reason for the rule or law has been affected.
New Zealand Curriculum — social sciences
- Identity, Culture, and Organisation