He aha te Tiriti o Waitangi?
Ko te Tiriti o Waitangi te pukapuka nui o Aotearoa.
Neke atu i te rima rau nga rangatira Māori i haina i te pukapuka nei. I hainatia tuatahitia i Waitangi i te ono o Pēpuere, 1840. Kātahi ka kawea ngā kape o te Tiriti nei ki wāhi kē, haina ai.
E rua ngā reo o te Tiriti. He reo Māori, he reo Pākehā hoki. E toru ngā wāhanga.
E ai ki te reo Pākehā, i te wāhanga tuatahi, i riro i a Kuini Wikitōria o Ingarangi te mana me te rangatiratanga o Aotearoa. Engari ia, hei tā te reo Māori, ko te kāwanatanga noa iho i riro i te Kuini.
Hei te wāhanga tuarua, ka whakapūmautia kētia te rangatiratanga o te Māori ki tēnei whenua.
Hei te wāhanga tuatoru, ka ōrite te Māori me te Pākeha i raro i ngā ture o Ingarangi.
I roto i ngā whakaritenga, i whakaae ā-waha a Te Hopihana ko ngā whakapono katoa o Ingarangi, o ngā Wēteriana, o Rōma, me te ritenga Māori hoki, ka tiakina ngātahitia e ia. Ki ētahi tāngata, ko te upoko tuawhā tēnei o te Tiriti.
What is the Treaty?
A treaty is an agreement between independent nations. Te Tiriti o Waitangi was an agreement between Britain, represented by William Hobson, and New Zealand, represented by many rangatira. The Treaty of Waitangi was first signed at Waitangi on 6 February 1840.
There are 9 sheets of the Treaty of Waitangi – 2 on parchment (stretched animal skin), and 7 on paper. 8 of these sheets are in te reo Māori, and one is in English. One of the Māori language sheets is printed, but all of the other sheets are handwritten.
The sheets that make up Te Tiriti o Waitangi were taken around the country, sometimes by land but more often by sea, to be signed by as many rangatira as possible. In the end, about 540 rangatira signed the Treaty of Waitangi sheets.
The exact number is not known because parts of some sheets are hard to interpret.