Kate Shepperd, on the $10 note, poking at Bill English's pay inequality efforts.

Aotearoa was the first self-governing country in the world in which women achieved the right to vote. However, over 120 years on, gender equality has not yet been achieved here.

Key question: Why does gender inequality exist in Aotearoa, and what can we do to change this?

The social inquiry focus of this resource is exploring values, views, and perspectives.

Achievement objectives

Understand how formal and informal groups make decisions that impact on communities (Social sciences level 4)

Understand how economic decisions impact on people, communities, and nations (Social sciences level 5)

Key conceptual understandings

Gender biases influence economic decisions in ways that impact on people, communities, and our nation.

Decisions made by formal and informal groups reflect values and perspectives.

Key concepts: impact, economic decisions


In this resource, these conceptual understandings are explored using the context of gender inequality in the workplace, with a particular focus on unconscious bias and the gender pay gap. The resource supports students to understand that gender inequality has economic impacts at an individual, organisational, and national level.

Doing some research on the computer.
Background information for teachers Information you'll need to help students explore and understand gender equality.
A student completing an activity.
Social inquiry activities Take your students through the social inquiry process with these activities.
Cross-curricular — Maths Continue your students' social inquiry exploration with these maths activities.
Educators reading a range of material.
Exploring perspectives – teacher support Gain a deeper understanding of the exploring views, values, and perspectives stage of social inquiry.
Visual thinking resources Visual language texts and questions for students that can be used within the social inquiry process.
Concepts Definitions of concepts related to gender inequality in the work place.
Kristine Bartlett and Kate Sheppard
Change makers – Kristine Bartlett An example of positive change resulting from social action.
Working at a computer to find excellent information.
Gender equality links Links related to the economic impact of gender inequality.